A country’s ability and potential for growth is determined by the size of its youth population. Youth today need to be harnessed, motivated, skilled and streamlined to bring rapid progress for a country
India has the relative advantage at present over other countries in terms of distribution of youth population even when compared to large, fast growing Asian economies such as China and Indonesia, the two major countries other than India which determine the demographic features of Asia.
Skill Development and Entrepreneurship: Policy
Recognizing the imperative need for skill development, National Skill Development Policy was formulated in 2009. Given the vast paradigm shift in the skilling and entrepreneurship ecosystem in the country and the experience gained through implementation of various skill development programmes, a need was felt to revisit the existing policy to align the policy framework with the emerging trends in the national and international milieu. Accordingly, Government framed the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015. The primary objective of this policy was to meet the challenge of skilling at scale with speed, standard (quality) and sustainability.
India International Skill Centre (IISC)
Pilot closed as on 2nd July 2018
India International Skill Centres (IISCs) were set up through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) with the objective to provide skill training and certification bench marked to International Standards to facilitate overseas mobility of Indian workforce for jobs.
Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) provided support for domain training and Ministry of External Affairs (MEA)is providing support for Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDOT) under the Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojna (PKVY) framework.
In the IISC pilot phase, 14 centres were operationalized, and 593 candidates(offline data) were enrolled at these centres. The assessment and certification under IISC pilot were done by an International Awarding Body.
Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDOT)
Given the need to orient potential migrant workers with regards to language, culture, do's and don'ts in the destination country, the emigration process and welfare measures, PDOT program has been launched. Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in collaboration with Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is conducting the PDOT program. NSDC is the implementing agency for this program.
A longer variant of PDOT i.e. 160 hours was offered at all IISCs which consisted of country orientation, language and digital literacy.
A shorter variant of PDOT program i.e. 1 Day (ongoing) is offered to all migrant workers who are likely to depart soon and register for the training through registered recruitment agents.
PDOT program is delivered by trainers who have undergone Training of Trainers (ToT) program organized by MEA. So far, 52 trainers from existing IISCs and NSDC Training Partners have undergone the PDOT (ToT).
The one-day PDOT program was piloted in 2 locations of Mumbai and Delhi each and commenced on 10th January 2018. Since inception, over 23,700 candidates have received training (as of 4th October 2018) under One-Day PDOT Program.
In the near future, this program is expected to be scaled up to include five more cities namely Hyderabad, Cochin, Chennai, Kolkata, and Lucknow.
Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDOT) modules would be part of the trainings at IISCs, which shall make the trainees adjust to the culture and environment of the migrating country as well as provide the necessary digital literacy skills.
Pre-departure orientation training consists of:
Revised Policy Guidelines
Based on learnings from the pilot phase of IISC, MSDE approved the new policy in April 2018 and operational guidelines are being framed.
Key focus areas of the IISC policy:
- Assessment and Certification on international standards as per best practices and recognition in different countries.
- IISCs to have Career Guidance and Counselling centres within them vis-à-vis international training and employment and act as resource centres facilitating foreign employment support. The counselling centres would help students to understand the various overseas employment opportunities available and match their interest and talent with the most relevant opportunities.
- IISCs as per new policy are expected to provide only incremental skill training if found lacking in candidates.
- PDOT will be imparted to IISC candidates as sponsored by MEA under PKVY.
The roll out and scale up of the IISCs basis new policy document is envisioned for FY18-19.
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